Medication for Anxiety & Depression seems to fall into 2 groups:
- Selective Serotonin Reuptake inhibitors (SSRI’s)
- Serotonin Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitors (SNRI’s)
SSRI’s include Citalopram and are supposed to increase the level of serotonin in the brain which lifts mood, as people who are depressed produce less serotonin which is a neurotransmitter, that is it carries signals to the brain. SSRI’s are supposed to reduce the intake of serotonin into the brain so that levels increase over time. Whilst not a cure this is meant to help us to recover by increase serotonin levels for us whilst taking medication.
SNRI’s include Duloxetine and are a newer medication, similar to SSRI’s in that they increase levels of serotonin and norepinephrine both neurotransmitters in the brain meant to lift mood.